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Celtic Numerals
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| Ancient Celtic |  Brythonic (British) | Irish Gaelic | Manx & Scots Gaelic |
 

Ancient Celtic Dialects:
 

 
*Proto Celtic
*Proto Brythonic
*Proto Goidelic
Old Gaulish
Old Welsh
Old Cumbric
Old Irish
1
oinos
oino
oino
oino
un
un
oßen, oßin
2
d(w)oßu
dau
daßu
do
dou,deu
?
daßu
3
treis
tri
triß
tri
tri
tri ?
triß
4
kwetwar(s)
petuar
keùur
petor, petvar
petguar, petwar
peddera
cethir
5
 kwenkwe
pempe
kweßik
pempe, pinpe
pump, pimp
pimp
coßic
6
swe(k)s
hweh
swe
suekos
chwech
 ?
seß
7
sektn
seht
 sehtn
sextam
seyth, seith
 ?
secht(n)
8
okto
oht
oht
oxtu
oith, wyth
 ?
ocht(n)
9
nauin
nau°
nowin
nau
naw
 ?
 noßi(n)
10
dekn
dek
dehn
decam
dec
dic(k), dig 
 deich(n)
 
 
 | Ancient Celtic |  Brythonic (British) | Irish Gaelic | Manx & Scots Gaelic |
 

 Brythonic Dialects:
 

 
Old Cornish
Old Breton
Old Cornish
Late Cornish
Revived Cornish
Modern Welsh
 Breton
1
un
un
un
idn, oÛnen
onen
un
eun, unan
2
deu
dou, dau
deu
deu, deau
deu
dau
daou
3
try
tri
try
tryÛ, trei
try
tri
tri
4
peswar
petguar
peswar
pajer, padzhar
peswar
pedwar
pevar
5
pymp
pemp
pymp
pemp
pymp
pump
pemp
6
whegh
hue
whegh
wheh
wheßgh
chwech
c'houec'h
7
seyth
seit(h)
seidth
seyth
seyth, seith
seyth
saith
seiz
8
eth
eit(h)
eth
eyth, eath
eßth
wyth
eiz
9
naw
nau
naw
now, naw
naw
naw
nao
10
dek
dec
dek
deg, deag
dek
deg
dek
 
 
 
 | Ancient CelticBrythonic (British) | Irish Gaelic | Manx & Scots Gaelic |
 
 
 Irish Gaelic Dialects:
 
 
Modern Irish
[Munster]
[Connemara]
[Sligo]
[Donegal]
[Tyrone]
 Manx
1
aon 
he:°n, h²:n
h±:(°)n
h±:n, hi:°n
h±:n, hi:n
hy:n
 nane [n²:n]
2
doê
do:,do:
do:, dµ:
do:
d·:
° do:
jees [di:s, d²:]
3
triê
tri:, 
t êr êi:
t êór êi:
t êri:,
t êri:
t êr ê±.
 ° tri:
three [tri:]
4
 ceathair
k êah±r
k êah°r ê 
k êa:r ê
k êah°r,
t êah°r
k ê²h²r ê 
° k êa:°r
kiare [k²-a]
5
 cuêig
ku:ig ê
ku:(i)g ê
 ku:ig ê
ku:ig ê
ku:ig ê
queig [kweg]
6
seê
óe:,ó²:
óe:
óe:
óe:
óe:, óe:
shey  [óe:]
7
seacht
óaxt 
óaxt,óµxt
óµxt
óarht
óart
shiaght [óa:x]
8
ocht
(h)oxt
(h)oxt
(h)·xt, oxt
·:rht
° hort
hoght [h·x]
9
naoi
n²:,nE:
N±þ:
Ni:
N±:
n±:
nuy
[n²-i]
10
deich
d êe'
d êúeic ê 
d ê²(h)'
d êeix êç
d êeihç
dei'
jeich [d²-i]
 
 
 | Ancient CelticBrythonic (British) | Irish Gaelic | Manx & Scots Gaelic |
 
 
Manx and Scottish Gaelic Dialects:
 
 
Scottish Gaelic
Arran Gaelic
[Kintyre]
[Wester Ross]
[Suther
-land]
[Leurbrost]
[Brona]
1
aon(an)
aon [±:n]
oà.n
°n°n 
 °n.
°þn°n
uþ:n
2
dhaÜ
daê [dµ:]
da:
×µ:
 ×µ:
° ×µ:
ta:
3
tri
triê tri:
 tri:
tri:
 tr±:
° tri:
thri:
4
ceithir
ceir 
[k êe°r]
k êe.°rh
k êeh°ô 
 k'±h°r
k êeh°ð
 khe:r
5
coêig
coêig ko:g
 ku:g
 ko:k ê
 ko:g ê
ko:g ê
kho:ig
6
seÜ, seê
seaê [óµ:]
 óeÜ:
 ói.a
 ó±.µ
óia
óia
7
seachd
seachd [óaxk]
 óµ.xk
 ó²xk
 óµxk
ó²xk
óaxkh
8
ochd
ochd [o.xk]
 ·:xk
 oxk
 oxk
oxg, uxg
hoxkh
9
 naoi(dh)
naoi [N±:]
 noài
 Nuþ:g
 nu:
N°þ±þ×
n°þ:
10
deich
jeig 
[úe.g ]ê
 dú²àix'
 d êeix ê
 d êeix ê
d êec
cÛeic
 
 | Ancient CelticBrythonic (British) | Irish Gaelic | Manx & Scots Gaelic |
 
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