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Germanic Language Links

 
| General | Afrikaans | Danish | Dutch | Dutch Dialects | English | English Dialects | Faroese | Frisian | German | German Dialects | Icelandic | Norwegian | Old English | Plattdeutsch | Plattdeutsch Dialects | PlautdiitschScots | Scots Dialects | Swedish | Swedish Dialects | Yiddish |
 

General

GermanicLanguages
GermanicLanguages
GermanicLanguage and Literature
ScandinavianLanguages

Afrikaans

Dave's English-Afrikaans
Traveller'sAfrikaans-English
Traveller'sGerman-Afrikaans
Traveller'sEnglish-Afrikaans
TravlangAfrikaans-German Dictionary
Travlang'sAfrikaans for Travelers
SouthAfrican Languages: Afrikaans
CyberbraaiLexicons
DieKnoop
Afrikaans

Danish

DanishWord List (ftp download)
Traveller'sEnglish-Danish
TravlangDanish-English Dictionary
English-DanishTraveller's Basics
DanishGrammar - C.Nielsen
Travlang'sDanish for Travelers: Dansk for turister
Dansk Lydhistorie - Danske dialekter
DanskLyd Historie - 23 (born)

Dutch

General

Italian-Dutch
French-Dutch
Traveller'sEnglish-Dutch
TravlangDutch-German Dictionary
TravlangDutch-Esperanto
TravlangDutch-English Dictionary
Travlang'sDutch for Travelers: Nederlands voor reizigers
Crash-CourseDutch
AnIntegral Dutch Course - G. Koole
IntegralDutch Course
TheDutch Language Site
LearnDutch
Spreekje nederlands? for English speakers
ACrash-course Dutch for Distance Learners
Johnand Grayson's Dutch Dictionary


 Dutch Dialects

| Grunnegers | Limburgish | Other Dutch Dialects |
 

Grunnegers

GrunnegerBladziede
HeufdziedeTweants/Neersassiesplat
Krödde- Grunneger Bladziede
Instituutvoor Naamkunde en Dialectologie
SchrieversbondOaveriessel
TheWind-Mill

Limburgish

LimburgseKarnavalsliedjes
HetLimburgs Woordenboek
MestreechterVastelaovend 1997
LimburgsDialects Study (small)
EenEeuw Limburgse Dialectologie

Other Dialects

Törf / folkmusic from the Netherlands
DeZeêuwse taelsite (in 't Zeêuws)
Oeles1
Belgium-Languages and dialects
Bits& Books
BrabantsWordbook
DeOare Utjouwerij
Dialectand Identity in School in NL
DutchDialect Project - Main
DutchDialect - Nevenzel
DutchDialects Map

English

General

AnElementary English Grammar
On-LineEnglish Grammar - A. Hughes
Englishfor Russians - Kchachaturian
AdjoiningEnglish Grammar - U. Penns.
EnglishThrough the Ages
TheElements of Style by William Strunk (from 1918)
On-LineEnglish Grammar
TheKing's English by H.W. Fowler (from 1908)
CommonErrors in English
TheVirtual English Language Center
Englishas a Second Language Homepage
UkindiaLearn to Read English from Hindi
ConversationalEnglish for Real Life

Lexicons

VulgarSlang Dictionary
Bailey'sUniversal Etymological English Dictionary (1736)
TravlangEnglish-Afrikaans Dictionary
TravlangEnglish-Danish Dictionary
TravlangEnglish-Dutch Dictionary
TravlangEnglish-French Dictionary
TravlangEnglish-Portuguese Dictionary
NASAThesaurus
Roget-Thesaurus
WWWebsterDictionary
HypertextWebster Interface
Dictionaryof the Translation Centre (Icelandic-English)

English Dialects

| General | Australia and New Zealand | England - Northern | England - West Midlands | England - East Midlands | England - West Country | USA - General | USA - Northern | USA - Midlands | USA - Southern | Other |
 

General

English Dialect Links
USA - UK English Dictionary
UK - USA English Dictionary

Oz/Kiwi

Strine, or an Aussie Lexicon
Australian slang dictionary
AustralianPronunciation
AustralianEnglish FAQ
AussieSlanguage Links
CasualOz Slang
Englishin Australia
Kiwi-YankGlossary
KoalaNet's Oz Slang
Larry'sOz Slang

North

Legends, Songs, Poems & Dialect of NE England
Geordie Dictionary
YorkshireFolkTalking
Newspapers- Yorkshire Dialect
YorkshireDialect Society
BillO'th Hoylus End
CharvaText
GeordiePride!
GonMadCumbrian Dictionary
LancashirePhrases
GeordieWorld
GeordiePassions
LancashireDialect
McCaffery(Yorks Dialect audio)
SI'sGeordie HP
YorksDialect
YorkshireDialect Society HP
KingTed - Yorks Verse
YorkshireDialect Quiz

West

Jabez& Nth Staffs Dialect
Stoke-On-TrentPotteries Dialect
TheBlack country

East

A.Cossey's Norfolk Grammar
Backate4 Beginners
CockneyRhyming Slang
Languagein London
Lernzta tawks lika PIKEY...

West Country

MoonrakersWilts Dialect
S.T.Coleridge& Devon Dialect
WestCountry Dialects
WiltshireAccent
WilliamBarnes HP

USA

General

American Dialect Links
LinguisticAtlases Main Page
AmericanSlanguages
LinguisticAtlases Main Page
SenseAbout American Dialects
LAMSAS
Samuel French, Inc. Dialect Tapes

Midland

SouthernHighland Speech
SmokyMountain Memories
The Amish Market Pennsylvania Dutch Dictionary
The Central Eastern/Eastern Pennsylvania Dialect
Ocracoke Dialect Endangered
EndangeredOcracoke Dialect
Americanin the Mid-Atlantic
Appalachian Dialect

Southern

LouisianaSayings
TexasSayings
Examplesof Black dialect
Howto Speak Southern
MoonShiner'sJar - Tennessee
MyAccent - Mississippi
SuthernDikshunary
LarnTa Speek Bubbaese
Southern Comfort

North

The New York City Dialect
Brooklyneeese!
BlackEnglish
Canadian raising & Canadian English

Other

Trini Talk: A Dialect Poem by Miguel Browne
Dialects
VirtualSinglish
USMNews: Dialects
Bowelsof Dialects
AboutSome Words
BritishEnglish Links
BermudaDialect
BritSpeak
DialectProject- Main
EnglishDialect Links
EnglishThruthe Ages
IndianEnglish
Speakingof English
USA& UK Differences

Faroese

FaroeseLanguage & Literature
Faroese Language and culture
Føroyingsøga
TheFaroe Islands, Language and Culture

Frisian

YamadaLanguage Guide - Frisian
OfflineLanguage Materials: Frisian
StichtingItFryske Boek
Foaritbûsboekje
FrisianContact Addresses
FYK(FryskeYnternasjonale Kontakten)
VerbRaising and Gerund in Frisian
GrammatischeFriesische
Guddai" - Friesisch für Anfänger
FrisianSamples
OostfreeskeTaal - Index
Ostfriesland:Literatur
Riedfan de Fryske Beweging
ÜsSöl'ring Lön'

German

General

German-EnglishIdioms
GermanGrammar Handbook - Whitaker
IntroGerman Grammar - G. Smith
GermanLessons +RealAudio - ILC
GermanLang Course - P.Schroeder
Deutsch-Belgien- Mercator
Travlang'sGerman for Travelers:
TheInternet Handbook of German Grammar
GermanLanguage Course for English Speaking Students
Grammarof German
FunGerman
Irregular German Verbs
Germanfor Beginners

Lexicons

German-EnglishSlang
Leo's German-English
English-German-English
English-German-English
English-German-English
TravlangGerman-English Dictionary
TravlangGerman-Dutch Dictionary
TravlangGerman-French Dictionary
TravlangGerman-Spanish Dictionary
TravlangGerman-Afrikaans Dictionaries
TheNew English-German Dictionary
Englisch<-> Deutsches Wöterbuch
Langenscheidt'sNew College English Dictionary (German and English)
Web-transEnglish to German and German to English Dictionary

German Dialects

| General | Allemannic | Bavarian | Letzebürgesch | Palatian | Swabian | Other |
 

General

The International Asterix Collections
DialektAG: Ziele und Aufgaben
DeutscheGenealogie: Dialekte
Bibliography- German Dialect
Dialekte
MundartGedicht
Comparisonof varieties of German
Asterixspricht Dialekt
BeispieleDeutsche Mundarten
DialectProject of Germany
GermanDialects via Real Audio
GermanDialects with Audio
Lautedes Deutschen
Mundartim Internet (Under Cons)
DialectLinks
Phrasesin 29 German Dialects
Sprechender Sprachatlas
SüdwestdeutscherSprachatlas
Zwischenbericht

Alemannic

Peter Maibach Bern Homepages
AlternativeAlemannic Dictionary
HPin Alemannisch
Letterto Philemon (Zurich Dialect)
Dialectwriting in Swiss
Baseldytsch
AlternativeSwiss German Dictionary

Bavarian

Diebairische Sprache & ihre Dialekte
SteiermarkMundarten - Austria
MairhoferHP,Tirol & Osterreich
Sprachatlasdes Freistaates Bayern
Textprobe: Bairisch
WeanarischWiad Woedsproch
ÖsterreichischesDeutsch - Wörterbuch
ÖsterreichischesDeutsch
AlternativeAustrian Dictionary
TheBavarian Dialect

Letzebürgesch

LuxembourgLanguage FAQ
LëtzebuergeschSprooch (+Audio)
LéiereLëtzebuergesch (+Audio)

Palatian

Pfalzim WWW:Pfaelzer Sprache
Wunder- Pfälzisch
BitburgOnline

Swabian

Swabian-EnglishWordList

Other

Sprogi Sydslesvig
PennsylvaniaDutch (Deitsch)
OberlausitzerMundart
AberlausitzerMundart-Poem
HaanerMundart (withaudio)
Deitsch:Elsaß & Lothringen - Mercator
Deutsch-Südtirol- Mercator
Dialektim Hinterland
Poem- Dr Letzt Schwob
SilesianDialect
AllgäuerMundart an der vhs Buchloe
UnserDialekt - HS Hard-Mwbg (audio)
Meinschönstes Ferienerlebnis

Icelandic

SpeakIcelandic Like a Restless Native
English-IcelandicPhrase List
English-IcelandicCommon Phrases
English-IcelandicUseful Words
Travlang'sIcelandic for Travelers
Studentmållageti Bergen
Viti Norðurlondum
Norskspråkråds vevsider
Islandia- Mimir - Icelandic Grammar Notebook

Norwegian

NorwegianDictionary with Etymologies
Norway's2 Languages
Travlang'sNorwegian for Travelers
NorwegianLanguage Lesson Intro
Bokmålsordbokaog Nynorskogboka
NorwegianBokmal & Nynorsk
Norsk:The Norwegian Language

Old English

Anglo-SaxonLanguage
OldEnglish Aloud
Historyof English
Historyof English (2)
Historyof the English Language
Hwæt!Old English in Context
C.Ball'sOld English Page
InstantOld English
MiddleEnglish Dialects
MiddleEnglish Dialects Notes
MiddleEnglish Dialects Map

Plattdeutsch

General

RadioBremen - Learn Plattdeutsch
Plat(t)Online (index)
MiddleLow Saxon
Institutfür niederdeutsche Sprache
Plattdeutsch- Oklahoma State Uni
Institut- Niederdeutsche Sprache
Vun"Aant'' bit "Wuppdi'' - Platt
Plattsnackers- Woerterbuch

Plautdiitsch

MennoniteHeritage Cruise
DieSprache von den Mennonites
PlautdietschDictionary; Index
WBTCANADA-Plautdietsch
Dialectof the Mennonites
Plautdiitsch-nl
Plattdeutschat Folk Hart
DePlautdietsche Aikj

Platt Dialects

Akademieför uns kölsche Sproch
KarlsruherMundart (withaudio)
DasRheinische Platt
Duesseldorfer-Platt
Saarländichfür Anfänger
Westfälisch-Marburg

Scots

General

Scots700 Word Vocabulary
ScotsLanguage and Pronunciation
Bibliographyfor Students of Scots
AiberdeenUnivairsitie Scots Leid Quorum
Clickand Listen Project for Scots
Gaelicand Scots in Harmony
HameAwa' Frae Hame
Paul'sCeltic Art - In Scots
ScotsAudio files
ScotsGlossary
ScotsLanguage Resource Centre
ScotsLanguage of the Lowlands
Scotson the Wab
ScottishDialect
TheScots Haunbuik
Whatis the Scots Language?
WirAin Leid: An innin til Modren Scots

Scots Dialects

DoricNet
Backgroundto North-East Doric
Lessonsin "the Patter"
GlaswegianDialect
ShetlandNews

Swedish

Pitea Dialect Facts

General

Swedish-EnglishSlang
French-SwedishVocabulary
Swedish-EnglishIdioms
STPCALL: Swedish
SwedishLanguage Course - A. Rubin
Swedish-EnglishDictionary
Travlang'sSwedish for Travelers
OnlineSwedish to English Dictionary
BjörnEngdahl's Swedish Course
ACourse in Swedish Cursing

Swedish Dialects

| Dalska | Gutnish | Jamska | Skansk | Other Swedish Dialects |

Gutnish

Guideto Gutamål
Gotland- Pearl of the Baltic
Gotland,Lau Socken, Gotlands södra härad

Jamska

Jamtland- jamskan
JamtskOrdlista
Jamska-Uppsatser
Jamska
Jamt
Jämtland,Föllinge socken
Jamtska
Jamska- the dictionary project
Jamska- det lokala språket i Jämtland
Literatureabout the language
TheRepublic of Jamtland

Skansk

Hurman pratar skånska.
TheScanian Wordlist
Skånemål
TheScanian Language
Mypage - Scania
Skåneland- Scania
SkånskOrdlista med Ljud Exempel
Peter'sScanian wordlist
Bepp'sScanian wordlist
Skåne,Perstorpssocken, N. Åsbo härad, Kristianstads län

Dalska

AlvdalSmålet-Dialekt
About"dalska"
Ålvdalen:Per Perssons hemsida

Other Swedish Dialects

Dialekt- Och Ortnamn Sarkivetilund
Dialekt-,ortnamns-ochfolkminnes arkiveti Güteborg
TerjeOfstad's Hjemmeside
Malungsmaal
DialektA-D
SpinnelAnna Dialects
SwedishLocal Languages
CulturalRegions of Sweden
Dialekt-,ortnamns- och folkminnesarkivet i Göteborg (DAG)
Ordboköver Sveriges dialekter
Oneof the three oldest recordings in the world is of a man from Hälsingland
BigIndex of Swedish dialects
Språk-och folkminnesinstitutet
Dialekt-och ortnamnsarkivet i Lund (DAL)
Dialekt-,ortnamns- och folkminnesarkiveti Güteborg (DAG)
Dialekt-och folkminnesarkiveti Uppsala (ULMA)
Dialekt-,ortnamns- och folkminnesarkiveti Umeå (DAUM)
Ordboköver Sverigesdialekter (OSD)
Dialekt-,ortnamns- och folkminnesarkivet i Umeå (DAUM)
DAUM-Dialekt(+Audio)
PiteåDialect
Lappland,Vilhelmina socken, Västerbottens län
Byskevisan
ÖvreNorrland Dialect Text
Närke,Grimstens härad, Viby socken
Ångermanland,Anundsjö socken
Medelpad,Indals-Lindenssocken
Västergötland,Korsberga socken, Vartofta härad, Skaraborgs län.
Östergötland,Ydre härad, Torpa socken
Södermanland,Dunkers socken, Villåttinge härad
Anotherlanguage: Våmhusmålet
TheNative Language of Vamhus
Malung
Leksand
Nås
Gästrikland,Hillesocken
Hälsingland,Ljusdalssocken
Härjedalen,Lillhärdalssocken
Uppland,Håtuna socken, Håbo härad
Värmland,Nordmarks härad, Töcksmarks socken
Västmanland,Gunnilbosocken, Skinnskattebergs härad
Blekinge,Jämshögs socken, Listers härad, Blekinge län
Halland,Morupssocken, Faurås härad, Hallands län
Öland,S Sandbys socken, Möckleby härad, Kalmar län
Småland,Bredaryds socken, Västbo härad, Jönköpings län
Finland,Österbotten, Sideby socken
TheDying of Swedish in America
Modernaspråk1/95: Staffan Klintborg: Swanson's Swan Song. The Dying of

Yiddish

Yiddish-English-Yiddish
YamadaWeb Guide to Yiddish
Dosyidishe koyl
Travlang'sYiddish for Travelers: Yiddish far rayznde
Yiddish-Hebrew-English-German-RussianPicture Dictionary
Shtetl,Yiddish Language and Culture
YiddishWords found in English
YiddishBorrowings in English